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2017年10月22日 07:09:24    日报  参与评论()人

乌鲁木齐达坂城区做双眼皮埋线多少钱昆玉市手臂激光脱毛多少钱Did you know that every time musicians pick up their instruments, there are fireworks going off all over their brain?知道每当音乐家弹奏他们的乐器时,他们脑里是到处在施放烟火吗?On the outside, they may look calm and focused, ing the music and making the precise and practiced movements required.由外表看来,他们很冷静、专注看着乐谱,做出所需的准确和熟练动作。But inside their brains, there#39;s a party going on. How do we know this?但他们的脑里正开着一个派对。我们怎么会知道呢?Well, in the last few decades, neuroscientists have made enormous breakthroughs in understanding how our brains work在过去的几十年中,神经科学家对理解脑功能有了巨大的突破,by monitoring them in real time with instruments like fMRI and PET scanners.这要功归于能即时监测脑功能的仪器,例如功能性磁振造影、正电子发射计算机断层扫描仪。When people are hooked up to these machines, tasks, such as ing or doing math problems,这些仪器扫描显示阅读、做数学题等行为each have corresponding areas of the brain where activity can be observed.引起脑内相应的活动区域。But when researchers got the participants to listen to music, they saw fireworks.但给研究参与者听音乐时神经学家看到了烟火。Multiple areas of their brains were lighting up at once, as they processed the sound,处理声音的同时脑里多处同时亮起,took it apart to understand elements like melody and rhythm, and then put it all back together into unified musical experience.将其分解成旋律、节奏等元素,而后再重新组合成一个完整的音乐体验。And our brains do all this work in the split second between when we first hear the music and when our foot starts to tap along.这些大脑运作发生在听到音乐和脚开始打节拍的一瞬间。But when scientists turned from observing the brains of music listeners to those of musicians,而当科学家由观察聆听者的大脑转至音乐家的大脑,the little backyard fireworks became a jubilee.后院的小烟火变成了喜年庆典烟火。It turns out that while listening to music engages the brain in some pretty interesting activities,事实明,听音乐时大脑忙碌于一些很有趣的活动,playing music is the brain#39;s equivalent of a full-body workout.而弹奏音乐是相当于大脑的全身锻炼。The neuroscientists saw multiple areas of the brain light up,神经科学家看到了脑内多处亮起,simultaneously processing different information in intricate, interrelated, and astonishingly fast sequences.同时以复杂、互相关联、惊人的快速序列处理不同的讯息。But what is it about making music that sets the brain alight?但究竟弹奏音乐是如何将大脑点亮的呢?The research is still fairly new, but neuroscientists have a pretty good idea.虽然该研究才刚起步,但神经科学家有不错的理念。Playing a musical instrument engages practically every area of the brain at once, especially the visual, auditory, and motor cortices.弹奏乐器同时动用到大脑几乎每区域,特别是视觉、听觉、运动皮质。As with any other workout, disciplined, structured practice in playing music strengthens those brain functions,犹如其它锻炼,有纪律、组织性的弹奏练习能加强这些脑功能allowing us to apply that strength to other activities.因而应用到别的活动。The most obvious difference between listening to music and playing it is that the latter requires fine motor skills,聆听和演奏音乐最明显的差异是在后者需要精确运动技巧,which are controlled in both hemispheres of the brain.这是受大脑两边半球控制。It also combines the linguistic and mathematical precision, in which the left hemisphere is more involved,这也结合了大多处理语言及数学精准度的左半脑,with the novel and creative content that the right excels in.以及擅长处理新颖、创造性内容的右半脑。For these reasons, playing music has been found to increase the volume and activity in the brain#39;s corpus callosum,由于如此,演奏音乐被发现能增加大脑胼胝体的容量与活动,the bridge between the two hemispheres, allowing messages to get across the brain faster and through more diverse routes.胼胝体是大脑两半球的桥梁,让讯息能以不同的路途更快速的通过大脑。This may allow musicians to solve problems more effectively and creatively, in both academic and social settings.这能使音乐家在学术和社会环境里更有效、有创意的解决问题。Because making music also involves crafting and understanding its emotional content and message,因为演奏音乐也触及塑造和了解其感情内容与讯息,musicians often have higher levels of executive function,音乐家通常具有较高水平的执行功能,a category of interlinked tasks that includes planning, strategizing, and attention类属有互相关联的计画、策略、细节关注等,to detail and requires simultaneous analysis of both cognitive and emotional aspects.以及需要同时分析认知和感情方面的任务。This ability also has an impact on how our memory systems work.这种能力也能影响记忆系统的运作。And, indeed, musicians exhibit enhanced memory functions, creating, storing, and retrieving memories more quickly and efficiently.的确,音乐家有提高的功能,能更快、有效创造、储存、重拾记忆。Studies have found that musicians appear to use their highly connected brains to give each memory multiple tags,研究发现,音乐家似乎用他们高度连接的大脑给予每个记忆多个标签,such as a conceptual tag, an emotional tag, an audio tag, and a contextual tag, like a good Internet search engine.例如,概念性标签、情感标签、声音标签、语境标签等,犹如一个好的网络搜寻引擎。How do we know that all these benefits are unique to music, as opposed to, say, sports or painting?那如何得知这些是音乐特有的益处而不是运动或绘画等会有的益处?Or could it be that people who go into music were aly smarter to begin with?或者接触音乐的人会不会一开始就比较聪明?Neuroscientists have explored these issues, but so far,神经科学家已探索这些问题,但目前为止,they have found that the artistic and aesthetic aspects of learning to play a musical instrument are different from any other activity studied, including other arts.发现了在学习演奏乐器的艺术、审美方面不同于其它研究过的活动,包括其它艺术。And several randomized studies of participants, who showed the same levels of cognitive function and neural processing at the start,一些随机研究在开始时,认知功能和神经处理有相同水平的参与者,found that those who were exposed to a period of music learning showed enhancement in multiple brain areas, compared to the others.其中有受过一段音乐学习的人相对于其他人显示多个增强的脑区域。This recent research about the mental benefits of playing music has advanced our understanding of mental function,这有关演奏音乐对脑有益处的近期研究提升了我们对脑功能的理解,revealing the inner rhythms and complex interplay that make up the amazing orchestra of our brain.显示出构成脑内精管弦乐团内在的节奏以及复杂的互动。 Article/201706/514717新疆医科大学附属肿瘤医院激光除皱多少钱 洋话连篇之新洋话1000句 Lesson 31What#39;s your major?How many classes are you taking in this semester?What#39;s your GPA last semester?I have a heavy class load this term.My final text did worth half of my degree.Where do I register for classes?I hear the professor of that class is very good.What books are required for this class?What classes are manditory for your major?I don#39;t have time to take any elective class. 推荐专题:英语九百句英音版英语会话800句新东方英语900句 /200603/5527乌鲁木齐脱毛医院哪个好

昆玉除皱的费用栏目简介:More students will graduate from Chinese universities and colleges this year than ever before. An education consulting company that tracks graduates says the education sector saw the biggest increase in job opening last year. Yuan Chenyue has more. Article/201706/510987乌鲁木齐新疆医科大学校医院割双眼皮多少钱 My coworker suddenly quit so I have to work overtime to pick up the slack.我的同事突然辞职了,所以我必须加班来接他留下的工作。slack可表示绳子松脱的部分,pick up the slack本指拉紧绳子松脱的部分,引伸的意思是接手别人留下的或不愿意做的工作,也可说成take up the slack。I don't want others to pick up the slack, so I have to finish this project before I quit.我不想别人要接我留下的工作,所以我在辞职前得完成这项目。 /200803/28420新疆激光去皱

乌鲁木齐天山区双眼皮多少钱从零开始学口语 第19讲:健康(上) 相关专题:英语口语社交美语五分钟英语快餐日常口语会话120分钟 /200808/46351 There#39;s a lot of conflicting information about what happened to the EgyptAir passenger flight that disappeared over the Mediterranean Sea early Thursday morning.周四清晨,埃及航空公司客运航班在地中海上部失踪,有许多冲突信息关于航班究竟发生了什么。EgyptAir has confirmed the flight, MS804, was carrying 56 passengers and 10 crew members from Paris to Cairo.埃及航空公司确认航班MS804从巴黎飞往开罗,机上载有56名乘客和10名机组成员。The airline said the plane was only about 45 minutes from its final destination when it disappeared from radar shortly after entering Egyptian airspace.该航空公司称,飞机在进入埃及领空后不久就从雷达上消失,距离其最后目的地仅约45分钟。Some outlets have cited officials who said the flight may have crashed or did crash — but EgyptAir hasn#39;t confirmed that information or even mentioned anything of the sort in its press releases. 有媒体援引官员的话说,飞机可能已经坠毁或确实坠机了,但埃及航空公司还没有确认信息,甚至在其新闻发布中没有提及。There#39;s a lot of speculation on what could#39;ve caused a possible crash — including a missile or suicide bomber.有很多关于坠毁的猜测,包括导弹或自杀式炸弹。Late last year, a Russian passenger plane crashed in Egypt#39;s Sinai peninsula. Officials believe that crash was caused by a bomb on board.去年年底,一架俄罗斯客机在埃及西奈半岛坠毁。官员认为坠机事件是由机上一枚炸弹造成的。But EgyptAir hasn#39;t confirmed a reason for the disappearance and warned that people should be wary of ;misleading information; on news sites and social media. 但埃及航空公司还没有确认失踪的原因,并提醒人们要警惕新闻网站和社交媒体上的“误导性信息”。France#39;s president said on Twitter he#39;d been told that the EgyptAir flight had crashed.法国总统在推特上说,他已被告知埃及航空公司航班已经坠毁。Both France#39;s and Egypt#39;s prime ministers said nothing in the investigation could be ruled out. 法国和埃及总理都表示,调查中没有什么可以排除。The airline says it notified all authorities and launched search and rescue crews.该航空公司表示,已通知所有当局展开人员搜寻和救援。Greece#39;s national defense sent two planes, two rescue helicopters and a navy ship as part of those rescue efforts.希腊国防部派出两架飞机,两架救援直升机和一艘海军舰艇作为救援工作的一部分。译文属。 Article/201605/444882喀什打美白针一针多少钱和田垫鼻子多少钱

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